WHAT IS Cardiopulmonary disease
Cardiopulmonary disease is term used medically to refer to diseases that attacks both the lungs and the heart. In lay man’s language, we can say it is a heart and lung disease or simply a heart-lung-disorder. If not treated, it can be fatal. Treatment should not be done by a general doctor. Rather, a specialist, should be engaged to ensure that the patient gets the latest and most aggressive medication to deal with the kind of cardiopulmonary condition he or she might be suffering from because, the disease takes a variety of forms. A cardiologist and a group of physicians is a good example of specialists you may engage to get the best results.
This disease often occurs in patients who have a problem involving either the heart or the lungs. Due to the close link between the heart and the lungs, there is a likelihood that if the heart has a problem, it might transfer to the lungs and vise versa. The resultant disease is the cardiopulmonary disease. For instance, if somebody has asthma, his blood will not be fully oxygenated because of the breathing problem. Subsequently, the working of the heart as well as that of the lung will slow down their normal functioning, a condition that leads to the rise of complications that when a patient becomes sick, the sickness automatically develops unforeseen emergencies.
The symptoms of cardiopulmonary disease range from short breath, extreme bluing of patient, dizziness, chest pain, total lack of breath also referred to as dyspnea and high blood pressure. Early signs might include shortage of breath after even a very short exercise accompanied by short breath. There’s also a feeling of wheeziness. These symptoms usually become worse with time
Some of the most severe symptoms might include:
- This disease can cause inflammation and infection of the air tracks and coronary arteries which might eventually cause shutting down of the two
- It also worsens any disease in the body, as well as causing others that might end up being fatal. For instance, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes difficulty in breathing and
eventually results in a heart problem. This is due to the strenuous work that the heart does in an attempt to pump blood to the lungs for oxygenation. Consequently, the heart might fail to work completely.
In case of diagnosis with this disease, doctors usually start by examining the lungs functionality and the status of the heart. The heart is checked thoroughly through medical imaging to see what it is like, and an electrocardiograph is done to check the heart’s pulse. This makes them aware of the level of functionality as well as the condition of the patient. The doctor the prescribes proper medication, surgery if needed, then they recommend diet, lifestyle changes and exercise that can better the condition of the patient.